All Nobel Prizes 2019

How much do you know about the 2019 Nobel Prizes?
Nobel Medal
Photo: Alexander Mahmoud
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Which one of the prize categories - physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, peace and economic sciences - were not originally listed in Alfred Nobel’s will?
Photo: Alexander Mahmoud

In the late 1960s, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s central bank) established a prize in economic sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel. The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded at the same time as the Nobel Prize, as part of the same ceremony.

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Research done by one of the 2019 Nobel Laureates in Physics, showed that a large part of the universe consists of unknown "dark matter" and "dark energy". How much?
Photo: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Only 5% of the matter and energy in the universe is known today. The remaining 95% is hidden from us.

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Two of the three Nobel Laureates in Physics 2019 discovered a planet, the exoplanet 51 Pegasi b. What is special about this planet?
© Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz discovered the first planet outside our solar system, an exoplanet, orbiting a solar-type star in our home galaxy, the Milky Way.

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The 2019 Nobel Laureates in Chemistry have developed a lightweight, rechargeable and powerful battery. What type of battery did they develop?
© Johan Jarnestad/The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
The 2019 Chemistry Prize is about the development of the lithium-ion battery: a technological revolution.
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The 2019 Medicine Prize was awarded for research that shows what happens in cells if they receive too much or too little of a particular substance. Which substance?

The 2019 Medicine Prize is about what happens in cells if they receive too much or too little oxygen.

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What does the 2018 Nobel Laureate in Literature Olga Tokarczuk often get inspired by as she writes?
Photo: Lukasz Giza
Olga Tokarczuk is inspired by maps and by viewing the world from above. Her main focus is on Polish landscapes and stories.
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The 2019 Nobel Laureate in Literature Peter Handke has lived outside Paris in France for many years. Which country was he born in?
Photo: Donata Wenders
The 2019 Nobel Laureate in Literature Peter Handke is born in Austria.
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Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed was awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his decisive initiative to resolve a border conflict between which countries?
Photo: Alexandros Michailidis Shutterstock.com

Abiy Ahmed is being awarded for taking the initiative to resolve the border conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea.

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What is the 2019 Economic Sciences Prize about?
Photo of medal: Lovisa Engblom

The 2019 Economic Sciences Prize is about new ways of conducting research on how to combat poverty.

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The research done by the 2019 Economic Sciences Laureates has resulted in 100,000 schools in India investing in what?
Illustrations: Niklas Elmehed

They showed that more individualised instruction and tutoring for the weakest students is the best way to boost student results in low- and medium-income countries.

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Photo: Alexander Mahmoud